1 United Nations World Trade Organization (UN WTO).
2 World Travel and Tourism Council, Travel and Tourism Report 2019: In 2018, travel and tourism accounted for 10.4 percent of global GDP.
3 United Nations, World Trade Organization (UNWTO) 2019 Visa Openness Report, measured as percent of world population travelers issued each type of visa (and excluding diplomatic passport holders).
4 Per capita in this case is per the population sum of the region.
5 The Geography of the global middle class: Where they live, how they spend,” 2018, Visa Business and Economic Insights and Oxford Economics, www.visa.com/EconomicInsights
6 “Mapping the future of travel and tourism,” 2016, Visa Business and Economic Insights and Oxford Economics, www.visa.com/EconomicInsights#3.
7 Size of bubble based on global arrivals in 2019. Top-trending cities shown in orange, as of year-end 2019. * Top-trending destinations are defined in VISIT by three criteria: 1) arrivals to the destination should be within the upper half by total volume of arrivals, 2) be above the median rate of annual growth, and 3) the two first criteria must be sustained for at least four consecutive quarters.
** Limited coverage of African cities in the VISIT platform.
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