Despite risks, stability is returning to global economic growth
Brexit, declining global home prices and trade tensions are the biggest issues that threaten the global outlook.
May 10, 2019 – At the end of last year, cracks in global economic growth began to emerge. In response, central banks and governments around the world took a more cautious stance and in some cases have turned to providing additional stimulus measures. For example, the U.S. Federal Reserve suggested that in the current economic environment, no further interest rate hikes would be needed this year and the European Central Bank indicated that it will likely keep interest rates low for a while longer.
There are some signs that the change in tone of global policymakers has helped to stabilize global growth, albeit at a more modest pace. That said, risks to the global outlook remain, with three issues in particular that could potentially slow global growth further: Brexit, declining global home prices and trade tensions—the latest U.S.-China showdown is only intensifying the situation. U.S. economic data will likely begin to turn a bit more positive in the second quarter. Outside the U.S., the global economy is slowing, but still growing, with plenty of pockets of risk. Even with such ever present risks, the stability in global economic data in recent weeks has helped to sustain confidence in the view that global economic activity should muddle along for now.
Highlights of this report:
U.S. Economy: Temporary bump or start of a recession?
A spring thaw for Europe
Kicking the Brexit can down the road
China’s policy measures leave stabilization in sight
Risks to global growth: Politics is the biggest one
Real GDP (Year-over-year percent change, compound annualized growth rate)
Source: Visa Business and Economic Insights and U.S. Department of Commerce
Consumer Confidence Index and the S&P 500 Index (last actual: 1Q2019)
Source: Visa Business and Economic Insights, Standard and Poor's and Conference Board
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