The Merge: What to expect from a new era of Ethereum

Learn more about the recent Ethereum upgrade, The Merge, and how it affects the blockchain trilemma of sustainability, security, and scalability.

Written by Mert Özbay and Mustafa Bedawala. Acknowledgement to Catherine Gu and Aaron Salot.

A timeline of major upgrades to Ethereum. See image description for details.
An infographic depicting the timeline of significant milestone upgrades to Ethereum since its token launch. The dark blue line (top) represents the Ethereum mainnet, and the light blue line (bottom) represents the Beacon Chain. Both chains were linked at the time of The Merge on September 15, 2022, which served as the connection point for both lines. The Shanghai Fork is scheduled to be completed in 2023.